Zermatt’s claims model

In the last couple of posts, I’ve written about the claims and security token concepts, and also about how WCF models them:

In this post I will start writing about how these concepts are modeled in Zermatt:

The Microsoft Code Name “Zermatt” is a framework targeted for .Net developers to help them to build claims-aware applications to address today’s application security requirements using a simplified model that is open and extensible and can improve security

Disclaimer: my conclusions and remarks are based solely on public documentation and on observing the code of the beta release, so use them at your own risk.

A new claims model

Zermatt introduces a new class model for claims, implemented in the Microsoft.IdentityModel namespace and depicted in the following figure




This new model extends the classical .NET model, based on the IPrincipal and IIdentity interfaces, by creating two specialized interfaces: IClaimsPrincipal and IClaimsIdentity



The IClaimsIdentity interface, derived from the .NET framework’s IIdentity interface, represents a claims-based identity. It contains the Claims property, that references a collection of claims.
A claim is represented by the Claim class, namely by three properties:

  • ClaimType (string) containing the claim’s type
  • Value (string) with the claim’s value
  • ValueType (string) with the claim’s value type

There are some differences in the representation of claims, when compared with the “older” System.IdentityModel model.

  • In the new model, a claim value is always represented by a string. When this value is not a string but a more structured object, then this object must be serialized into a string. The ValueType property contains the type of the value represented by the string in Value. The ClaimValuesTypes class contains a set of constants with the most commonly used claim value types (strings).
    The ClaimTypes class contains a set of constants with some used claim types (strings).
  • There is no equivalent to the Right property.
  • A claim also has the following two properties, of IClaimsIdentity type:
    • The Subject property references the IClaimsIdentity partially defined by the claim.
    • The Issuer property references the identity of the claim issuer
  • There is no claim set concept. Namely, in the “new” model, each claims points to its issuer, that is modeled as a IClaimsIdentity.

The NameClaimType property of IClaimsPricipal is used to define the value of the Name property (inherited from IIdentity): this value is the value of the claim whose type equals NameClaimType.
The RoleClaimsType property has a similar goal: it defines the types of claims that define roles. This is used by classes implementing the IClaimPrincipal interface.

Finally, the IClaimsIdentity also possesses a Delegate property, of type IClaimsIdentity. This property is used in delegation scenarios, and will be described in a future post.


This new model also introduces the IClaimPrincipal as a specialization of the .NET framework’s IPrincipal interface. Namely, this new interface adds a Identities collection that references a set of IClaimIdentity.

Note that the base interface IPrincipal already had a Identity property. The new Identities property (plural) is need because a principal can be associated with several identities, e. g., on delegation scenarios.

The implementation of the IsInRole interface method should/can use the RoleClaimTypes property of the identities referenced by the Identities property.


The Zermatt’s claims model also contains an implementation of IClaimsPrincipal, called ClaimsPrincipal, with a static Current property – the IClaimsPrincipal associated with the current context.



2 thoughts on “Zermatt’s claims model

  1. Pingback: Using Zermatt’s claims model on WCF: ClaimsPrincipal.Current « Pedro Félix’s shared memory

  2. Pingback: Geneva’s Beta 2 Claims Model « Pedro Félix’s shared memory

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